Cancer survivors can be affected by a number of health problems, but often their greatest concern is facing cancer again. If a cancer comes back after treatment it's called a recurrence. But some cancer survivors may develop a new, unrelated cancer later. This is called a second cancer. No matter what type of cancer you have had, it's still possible to get another (new) cancer, even after surviving the first.
Being treated for cancer doesn’t mean you can’t get another cancer. And people who have had cancer can still get the same types of cancers that other people get. In fact, certain types of cancer and cancer treatments can be linked to a higher risk of certain second cancers.
Survivors of vaginal cancer can get any type of second cancer, but they have an increased risk of:
After completing treatment for vaginal cancer women will see their doctors regularly to look for signs of their cancer coming back, as well as signs of a new cancer of the vagina. Experts do not recommend extra testing to look for second cancers in women without symptoms. Let your doctor know about any new symptoms or problems, because they could be caused by the cancer coming back or by a new disease or second cancer.
Survivors of vaginal cancer should follow the American Cancer Society guidelines for the early detection of cancer and stay away from tobacco products. Smoking increases the risk of many cancers, including the second cancers most often seen in women treated for vaginal cancer.
To help maintain good health, survivors should also:
These steps may also lower the risk of some other health problems.
See Second Cancers in Adults for more on the causes of second cancers.
Our team is made up of doctors and oncology certified nurses with deep knowledge of cancer care as well as journalists, editors, and translators with extensive experience in medical writing.
Last Revised: June 9, 2020