American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts and Figures 2014. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2014.

Barnett ML, Hyman JJ. Challenges in interpreting study results: The conflict between appearance and reality. J Am Dent Assoc. 2006;137,Suppl 2,32S-36S.

Gotay CC, Dumitriu D. Health food store recommendations for breast cancer patients. Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:692-699.

Hoffer, LJ. Complementary or alternative medicine: the need for plausibility. Canadian Med Assoc J. 2003;168(2).

Mills E, Ernst E, Singh R, Ross C, Wilson K. Health food store recommendations: implications for breast cancer patients. Breast Cancer Res. 2003;5(6):R170-174.

National Cancer Institute. Data and Safety Monitoring Guidelines. Accessed at on October 9, 2014.

National Cancer Institute. Taking part in clinical trials: Cancer prevention studies. Accessed at on March 11, 2008. Content no longer available.

Newmaster SG, Grguric M, Shanmughanandhan D, et al. DNA barcoding detects contamination and substitution in North American herbal products. BMC Med. 2013;11:222. Accessed at on October 9, 2014.

Rock CL, Thomson C, Gansler T, et al. American Cancer Society guideline for diet and physical activity for cancer prevention. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 2020;70(4). doi:10.3322/caac.21591. Accessed at on June 9, 2020.

Simon SD. Statistical evidence in medical trials: What do the data really tell us? 2006. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Stampfer MJ, Skerrett PJ. Health for Life: Whom Can You Believe? 2006. Newsweek, Jan 16.

US District Attorney’s Office, South District of Florida, Press Release. Arthur Vanmoor charged in superseding indictment for selling fake cancer cure, 2007. Accessed at on August 30, 2010. Content no longer available.

US Food and Drug Administration. Recalls, Market Withdrawals, & Safety Alerts. Accessed at on October 9, 2014.

Weed DL, Gorelic LS. The practice of causal inference in cancer epidemiology. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1996;5:303-311.

The American Cancer Society medical and editorial content team

Our team is made up of doctors and oncology certified nurses with deep knowledge of cancer care as well as journalists, editors, and translators with extensive experience in medical writing.

Last Revised: June 9, 2020

American Cancer Society medical information is copyrighted material. For reprint requests, please see our Content Usage Policy.